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Khadi: Symbol of Swaraj Now of Democracy
Khadi was the symbol of our 'political swaraj',during the pre independence period, now in the post independence it is the symbol of our 'economic democracy'. As we know out of vast population of the country, majority of population live in the rural areas, for them khadi is the single pious source of livelihood, enterprise, self reliance and their employment. In the world of Khadi, there is no tussle for the capital, technology, corporate holding or any hazardous danger to the environment. Khadi, one of the major footprints of our father of nation, M K Gandhi, has become now the major focal point in the present government's program like ' Make in India ', 'skill India' and 'start up India' campaigns. These campaigns have given opportunity to this 'Khadi' sector to bring turnaround in itself. No doubt, during the post independence most of the governments both at centre and states provided a continuous friendly atmosphere to khadi sector, which brought many strides in this sector; but now a decisive time has come , when the country should bring this 'Khadi' and its all associated activities on a big launching pad.
Not to mention here, Prime Minister Narendra Modi's re appeal in his man ki bat program to use khadi as one of the essential clothing items in their houses, it just shoot up the sale of khadi in a veru substantial manner. Thereafter it was reported there was a surge in the sales of khadi items in the country. Sales of Khadi products is reported to be jumped by 49 percent since then. The repeatedely appeal by PM proves the significance of khadi in our society and economy both. We hope in this way khadi could become an economic pride for the country, what it was once political pride of the country during the freedom struggle. Khadi is not only the symbol of hand made yarn woven clothes, it accompanies the augmentation of vast chain of rural industries, to nurture its production, generation of employment and expansion of rural economy. In order to this, the various initiatives, provisions and measures taken by the government during last 60 years have already made a big foundation for this. The nationwide institutional structure along with time to time crucial policy decisions have made a long journey to this sector.
Physical Performance
The total KVI production during 2014- 15 (upto 31 March 2015) is estimated at Rs. 27569.37 crore (Khadi Rs. 879.98 crore and V.I. 26689.39 crore). Similarly, estimated sales of KVI products is Rs. 33135.90 crore (Khadi Rs1170.38 crore and V.I. Rs. 31965.52 crore) in 2014-15 (upto 31 March 2015). The total cumulative employment in the KVI sector is estimated to have also increased to 134.25 lakh persons (11.06 lakh in Khadi and 123.19 lakh in V.I.) in 2014-15 (upto 31 March 2015). As per the table given on ths page, when we compare the present performance of Khadi sector with that of its one decade back performance, we find production& sales of khadi has almost been doubled in last one decade, whereas one the front of village industries, performances have been just three times more. The nodal Ministry of Khadi, Ministry of MSME is right now implementing two credit linked employment generation schemes under aegis of KVIC, namely, Prime Minister's Rozgar Yojana (PMRY) and Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP) since October, 1993 and Keeping in view the varying parameters and entitlements, targeting almost the same set of beneficiaries in rural areas, better recovery rates under REGP as compared to PMRY and the existence of employment generation schemes being implemented by a number of States with more attractive benefits/ assistance/ interventions like Bangla Swanirbhar Karma Sansthan Prakalpa (West Bengal); Shri Vajpayee Bankable Yojana (Gujarat); Chief Minister's Rozgar Yojana (Uttar Pradesh), etc., it was decided to discontinue PMRY and REGP from 2008-09 and introduce a new credit linked subsidy scheme titled Prime Minister's Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) through merger of the erstwhile schemes of PMRY and REGP.

Khadi at a Glance

Khadi and Village Industry
>> In April 1957, Khadi & Village Industries Commission (KVIC) was established under the KVIC Act, 1956 (61 of 1956), as a statutory organization under the aegis ofthe Ministry of MSME, engaged in promoting and developing khadi and village industries for providing employment opportunities in the ruralareas, thereby strengthening the rural economy. KVIC has been identified as one of the major organisations in the decentralised sector for generating sustainable non-farm employment opportunities in rural areas at a low per capita investment. It undertakes activities like skill improvement; transfer of technology; research & development; marketing etc. and helps in generating employment/ self-employment opportunities in rural areas
Main Objectives
The main objectives of KVIC include:-
(i) The social objective of providing employment in rural areas;
(ii) The economic objective of producing saleable articles; and
(iii) The objective of creating self-reliance amongst people and building up a strong rural community spirit.
Functions:
* Capacity building to supply raw materials or arrange raw thread who engaged or likely to be engaged materials (common service facilities) in production of handspun yarn or khadi or village industries.
* Promote Sale and Marketing. To organize more number of Fair (Khadi Mela)
* To provide Financial assistance
* To promote, encourage and engage more number of NGO's in the cooperative efforts. training and implementation of programs.
* To encourage and promote research in the technology used in KVI.
* Convergence of all stake holders, directly or indirectly.
Organizational set-up: The Commission is having its Head Office at Mumbai and six Zonal Offices located in Delhi, Bhopal, Bangalore, Kolkata, Mumbai and Guwahati and 45 State/ Divisional Offices spread all over the country to facilitate speedy implementation of KVI programme. At the Central Office level,different Directorates have been constituted for coordinating the functions like training, marketing, funding, economic research, the Prime Minister's Employment Generation Programme

Existing Schemes in Khadi Sector

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